Government of the people, by the people and for the people. Feb 25, 2016 congo brazzaville has had a multiparty political system since the early 1990s, although the system is heavily dominated by presidentdenis sassou nguesso. In 2015 the republic of the congo adopted a new constitution that extended the maximum number of presidential terms and years to three terms of five years and provided. Journalists and local human rights activists presented evidence of four deaths resulting from torture. The republic of the congo is a state of law, sovereign, unitary and indivisible, decentralized, secular, and democratic. Carbone, biodiversite et utilisation des terres dans les. The republic of congo congo brazzaville the republic of congo, also known as congo brazzaville after its capital, is an oilrich former french colony in central africa. Congo was ranked 154 out of 177 countries and territories surveyed in transparency internationals 20 corruption perceptions index. Country reports on human rights practices for 2016 united states department of state bureau of democracy, human rights and labor.
A constitutional referendum was held in the republic of the congo on 25 october 2015 regarding a proposal to change the constitution, primarily to modify the rules regarding presidential terms. On april 4, 2016 there were clashes between assailants and security forces, with sounds of heavy gunfire in the early morning hours, reportedly resulting in 17 deaths. The conflict dates back to march 2016 presidential elections won by denis sassou nguesso, who has ruled congobrazzaville for all but five years since 1979. Hereby adopt the following as the constitution of the republic of malawi. Constitution of the democratic republic of the congo. Brazzaville, congos current national capital, was the administrative center of french equatorial africa which extended up to the sahara desert in chad. The democratic republic of the congo is now under the regime of the constitution which was approved in a referendum by the congolese people, and promulgated on february 18, 2006 by president joseph kabila. Republic of the congos hereafter called the congo capital is brazzaville and as mentioned in my last report is located right across the congo river from the drcs capital of kinshasa and you can cross the river one way to the other side for less than 5,000 yen picture 2. The continuous growth of the urban population places congo among the subsaharan african countries with a strong urbanisation rate. The constitution has been changed andor replaced several times since its independence in 1960. Redirected from congo brazzaville not to be confused with the neighbouring democratic republic of the congo or its antecedent, the republic of. Clashes in kinshasa leave 50 dead, say drc opposition groups. Aug 30, 20 sassou nguessos strategy to win in 2016 well ensconced in his presidential office, congo bs denis sassounguesso hasnt thought for a moment of standing down for the election in 2016 even though the 2002 constitution bans him from seeking a new term as president. Constitution of the republic of malawi as amended up to act.
Evolution du pib reel en zone cemac entre 20, 2016 et 2017, le congo reste le. The republic of congo ranks 177 out of 190 in the world banks 2016 ease of doing business index. This ranking highlights the numerous challenges that exist in the way business is conducted in congo, including corruption, poor infrastructure, a weak judicial system, and an inadequately trained workforce. Government of the people by the people and for the people. Dr congo is a vast country with immense economic resources and, until recently, has been at the centre of what some observers call.
Congo is located between 4n and 5s latitudes and between 11e and 18e meridians. Separation of church and state type of government envisioned national capital its capital is brazzaville. Repubilika ya kongo, also known as congobrazzaville, the congo republic, rotc, or simply the congo, is a country located in the western coast of central africa. The democratic republic of the congo is now under the regime of the constitution which was approved in a referendum by the. The constitution of the democratic republic of the congo, 2005 1 table of contents preamble title i general provisions chapter 1 the state and sovereignty chapter 2 nationality title ii human rights, fundamental liberties and the duties of the citizen and the state chapter 1 civil and political rights. Republic of congo market challenges privacy shield. Table of contents preamble title i general provisions citizen. Article 3 national sovereignty belongs to the people who exercise it by means of universal suffrage by its elected representatives or by way of. The republic of the congo is a sovereign state, indivisible, secular, social and democratic. Opposition member risks prison for protesting additional information a referendum to amend the republic of congos constitution was held on 25 october 2015 to allow for, amongst other things, the current president to run for a third term in office in 2016. Oct 28, 2015 when 31 years as president is not enough, you change the constitution.
Congo republic to advance presidential election to early 2016. The referendum was preceded by demonstrations organised in brazzaville, pointe noire and across other towns in the republic of congo to express dissent over the proposed changes to the constitution. Environmental policy it is since 1962 that congo has been preoccupied by environmental problems. The repression of opposition parties and independent media outlets in the republic of congo continued in 2014 as rumors flew that president denis sassounguesso was making moves to modify the constitution and run for another term as president. Congo was originally a kingdom in central africa which was then incorporated into the french empire in the 1880s. With the upcoming elections, new cycles of violence escalated in bangui and in other parts of the country. There were reports the government or its agents committed arbitrary or unlawful killings.
Oct 05, 2015 edward snowden wants to come home but says u. During world war ii, frances african colonies remained loyal to free. Article 4 sovereignty, democracy, principle 1 national sovereignty shall belong to the people who exercise it by way of referendum and by representatives elected by universal suffrage. Eccas officially postponed the transition until 31 march 2016. Jun 18, 2018 the violence here has played out with little international attention, unlike the humanitarian megacrisis in the neighbouring democratic republic of congo. It is limited on the north by cameroon and centralafrican republic, on the east by the democratic republic of congo, on the west by the republic of gabon and the south by the atlantic ocean and the enclave of cabinda angola. Gouvernement du peuple, par le peuple et pour le peuple. The prospect of the end of president sassous term in 2016 mobilized the power and the main opposition parties from the beginning of 2015. The constitution of the democratic republic of the congo is the basic law governing the democratic republic of the congo. When 31 years as president is not enough, you change the. The southern brazzaville neighborhoods experienced violence just before the announcement of the election results by the constitutional court. The republic of the congo pronunciation help info french. Dec 23, 2015 sassou nguesso, who has ruled congo for 31 of the last 36 years, is widely expected to seek a third consecutive mandate in 2016 after winning an october referendum on changes to the constitution.
The republic of malawi is a sovereign state with rights and obligations under the law of nations. Clashes in kinshasa leave 50 dead, say drc opposition. Protest, tear gas in congo as sassou nguesso seeks to. During this time, economic development was fostered by favorable oil prices and high international demand of oil products, which. It has extensive natural resources, but poor governance and civil conflict have long hindered poverty alleviation and development. Republic of congo 9corruptionrepublic of congo corruption this information is derived from the state departments office of investment affairs, investment climate statement. Clashes in kinshasa leave 50 dead, say drc opposition groups this article is more than 3 years old unrest over president joseph kabilas decision to. The republic of the congo roc is a presidential republic in which the constitution vests most decisionmaking authority and political power in the president and prime minister. It is the democratic republic of the congo s sixth constitution since 1960. The republic of the congo is a parliamentary r epublic in which the constitution, promulgated in november 2015, vests most decisionmaking authority and political power in the president and prime minister. People look for their names on voting lists at a polling station during the presidential election in brazzaville, republic of congo, march 20, 2016. Sep 20, 2016 clashes in kinshasa leave 50 dead, say drc opposition groups this article is more than 3 years old unrest over president joseph kabilas decision to delay elections continues, with opposition. Imprime a brazzaville en republique du congo, par limprimerie nouvelle du congo.644 793 759 1013 231 1254 505 581 921 1454 1332 616 382 984 236 413 780 1200 1385 407 614 727 520 850 988 752 1287 1233 1047 615 1571 614 863 931 940 687 1420 943 687 553 1175 1000 313 145 289 285 1209